Physical Therapy for Arthritis | Arthritis Treatment | Ivy Rehab

Arthritis

Arthritis symptoms can affect an individual on a daily basis. Physical therapy is a conservative, non-invasive and effective arthritis treatment, which typically affects the articulating joints of the body such as the hip, knee, shoulder, and hand. Arthritis can also affect the spinal column known as degenerative disc disease (DDD). The primary focus of therapy is to regain overall range of motion and flexibility to help improve joint mobility as well as increase strength and endurance for improved independence with daily activities.

This is accomplished in the following ways:

  • Flexibility: These exercises help improve overall joint mobility and muscle flexibility.
  • Strength: In addition to increasing flexibility, muscle strength is important to provide stability to the affected joint. Not only is muscle used to move joints, but it also acts as a “shock absorber”.
  • Endurance: Muscle endurance is another important factor. Endurance is the muscle’s ability to perform an activity over an extended period of time. Strength usually diminishes due to a lack of endurance. With increased endurance strength is preserved. As a result, an individual can tolerate daily activities for an extended period of time.

There are two main types of arthritis which include Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 

  • OA is a result of cartilage wear and tear, causing bones to rub together which leads to inflammation. 
  • RA is an autoimmune disease that triggers unwanted symptoms in the body when the immune system attacks healthy tissue. 

While medication can be prescribed to help relieve pain, we recommend a natural approach such as physical therapy. 

Different types of arthritis pain you may be experiencing and that physical therapy can help:

  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Hip arthritis
  • Septic arthritis
  • Degenerative arthritis 
  • Post traumatic arthritis

In addition, physical therapy can also provide some residual benefits such as:

  • Chronic pain relief
  • Increased cardiovascular fitness
  • Weight loss
  • Increased patient knowledge on his/her condition

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