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Common Basketball Injuries

Basketball, Ivy Rehab Physical Therapy
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Added on March 17, 2015
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March Madness is right around the corner and when you mix high intensity basketball with short rest time injuries may arise. What are the most common basketball injuries, how can you differentiate each injury, and what forms of treatment is offered? First some facts on basketball injuries, surveying high school basketball players in the United States, by theNational Athletic Trainers' Association:

  • 22% of all male basketball players sustained at least one time-loss injury each year.
  • 42% of the injuries were to the ankle/foot
  • 11% hip and thigh
  • 9% knee
  • Sprains were the most common type of injury (43%).
  • General trauma was the second most common type of injury (22%).
  • 60% percent of the injuries occurred during practice highlighting the need to warm up and strap for training.
  • 59% of game-related injuries occurred during the second half of the game, which identifies fatigue as a predisposing factor.

 

Ankle Sprains

​Symptoms

Treatment​

  • Pain on the overstretched portion of the ankle
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness
  • Warmth to the touch​
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation (for the first 24 to 48 hours post-injury)​

Achilles Tendonitis

​Symptoms

​Treatment

  • A dull ache or pain in the back of the leg, just below the calf muscle
  • Pain that increases after activity
  • Some diffuse swelling ​
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ibuprofen
  • Orthotics
  • Taping to prevent further damage
  • Rehabilitation ​

 

Patellar Tendonitis

Symptoms​

​Treatment

  • Pain directly over the patellar tendon
  • Pain with activities, especially jumping or kneeling​
  • Rest
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ibuprofen
  • Stretching of the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles
  • Ice treatments
  • Use of support straps or braces​

Muscle Strains

Symptoms​

Treatment​

  • Sharp pain in the muscle
  • A popping or snapping sound
  • Tenderness to the touch
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration​
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ibuprofen, if necessary ​

 

ACL Tears

​Symptoms

​Treatment

  • An audible "pop" at the moment of injury
  • The slippage of the knee out of its joint
  • Severe swelling
  • Painful movement ​

Treatment may be surgical or non-surgical, depending on your desired lifestyle. The question is not so much your level of activity in the past, butthe expectations for the future.

  • Surgical:If your goal is to continue an active lifestyle, surgery may be the treatment of choice because a torn ACL does not heal
  • Non-surgical:Therapy consists of a period of protective bracing, with progressive return to the range of motion and muscle-strengthening exercises. The goal is to create natural stability for the knee by developing the quadriceps and hamstring muscles.

Finger Injuries

Symptoms​

​Treatment

  • Pain over the injury site
  • Inability to move the finger
  • Bruising
  • Swelling
  • Deformity​
  • For non-serious injuries, "buddy tapping" and/or splinting for everyday activities
  • For some finger injuries, surgical repair of the tendons to restore function ​

For even more basketball related injuries visit:PhysioWorks

 

 

 

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